The Delhi High Court said on Friday that the case of lumpy skin disease was of concern and an investigation into the matter should be urgently conducted.
In a sign that a large number of cattle have succumbed to disease in the state, the Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Delhi government and municipal corporation on the matter.
The PIL Act introduced by social activist Ajay Gautam was taken to the Delhi High Court on September 29, and had directives to the city government and the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) to take immediate remedial measures to deal with the disease.
He said about 70,000 head of cattle have died so far due to the disease, which has spread in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. The disease has also knocked on the doors of Delhi, and is starting to affect cows in the national capital. Affected cows need medical treatment as soon as possible. This disease can turn into an epidemic. Therefore, immediate action is needed to stop the spread of this disease among cows.”
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said last month that the center was with states in efforts to control lumpy skin disease in cattle.
What is lumpy skin disease?
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral disease of livestock transmitted by blood-feeding insects such as certain types of flies, mosquitoes, and ticks. It causes fever and nodules on the skin and can cause death, especially if livestock have not been exposed to the virus before.
According to the center, the disease is characterized by a mild fever for 2-3 days followed by the appearance of round, hard skin nodules on the skin all over the body. Symptoms may include lesions of the mouth, pharynx, and respiratory tract, wasting, swollen lymph nodes, extremity edema, decreased milk production, miscarriage, infertility, and sometimes death.
Prevention and control
Two ICAR institutes have developed an indigenous “Lumpi-ProVacInd” vaccine for lumpy skin disease in cattle. State Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Administration Secretary Jatendra Nath Swain said in a statement last month that states are currently using a “goat pox” vaccine to control strep skin disease, and the commercial launch of the new Lumpi-ProVacInd vaccine will take “the next three — four months.”
The center has issued an advisory to states on various precautions as well as isolation of the affected animal to prevent future LSD incidents. here they are:
Control the movement of animals – In order to reduce the economic impact of the outbreak and control LSD, the movement of animals to and from the affected area and from affected countries should be completely banned. This will check the transmission/diffusion of LSD.
Restrict handling of infected animals and people who handle them The movement of people to and from the affected area should be restricted. Animal handlers and those who care for infected animals should be advised to stay away from healthy animals.
vaccination Determining the affected villages so that precautionary plans are implemented in a specific area and circular vaccination is carried out in villages up to 5 km around the affected village. Cattle and buffaloes should be vaccinated with the available goat pox vaccine (cattle and buffalo aged 4 months and older via the S/C route) with 10 3.5 TCID50 of GTPV vaccine (Uttarkashi strain). However, infected animals should not be vaccinated.
- Immediate isolation of sick animals from healthy animals. Symptomatic treatment of infected animals can be carried out with all precautions and biosecurity measures. It is recommended to feed liquid forage, soft forage and fodder.
- Clinical surveillance of LSD should be intensified in affected areas and around surrounding villages.
- Buffalo should be kept separately until the infected animals fully recover if they are raised together.
- Disinfect buildings at regular intervals.
- Ectoparasiticide should also be used on healthy animals on infected farms and on surrounding farms.
- Persons handling an infected animal must wear gloves and face masks and take sanitary and disinfection measures at all times.
- Caution should be exercised when reporting any unusual illness to other animals to the nearest hospital/veterinary dispensary.
- Hygiene practices should be followed on the animal farm and by people in areas where animals are infected.
- Farms containing infected animals should be visited regularly by field vets until all cases are cured. Veterinary staff should take all precautionary hygiene measures to avoid further spread of disease to other farms/houses.
- In the event of death, the carcass must be disposed of by the method of deep burial, observing all sanitary measures.
- Livestock markets located within a radius of 10 km from the focus of infection should be closed.
- Live livestock trade and participation in fairs and shows should be banned immediately after the disease has been confirmed in affected areas.
- Sperm from animals infected with LSD should not be collected and processed for production and distribution.
Vector: Control of disease vectors (ticks, flies, mosquitoes, fleas, fleas) should be carried out in the premises and the body of the animal using insecticides, insect repellents and other chemical agents.
Disinfection and cleaning procedures: Affected places, chemicals / disinfectants suitable for vehicles roaming affected animals should be used [Ether (20%), chloroform, formalin (1%), phenol (2% /15 minutes), sodium hypochlorite (2-3%), iodine compounds (1:33 dilution) and quaternary ammonium compounds (0.5%)].
Awareness program: A mass awareness campaign should be conducted to educate the public about the disease and to inform the veterinary authority as soon as suspected cases are discovered.
The Delhi government started vaccinating cattle to prevent the spread of lumpy skin disease in late September. The government has adopted a circular vaccination strategy in which healthy cattle within a 5 km radius of infected areas are given goat pox vaccine with the Utarkashi virus strain.
The Maharashtra government, in early September, declared the entire state a “controlled area” restricting the movement of livestock, banning animal fairs etc. They died of lumpy skin disease in Maharashtra.
Gilgaon saw 421 deaths, followed by 393 in Akula and 252 in Ahmednagar. The remaining deaths are from 27 districts, excluding urban and suburban areas of Mumbai and a few other districts.
The Director of the Department of Veterinary and Dairy R. K. At least 291 cattle have died of disease in the state since August. Since the virus broke out in July, labs have confirmed clumps of virus in 14 of the state’s 52 total counties.
Union Animal Husbandry Minister Sanjeev Balian said the problem of streptococcal virus is more serious in Rajasthan. The state government has penalized Rs 30 crore for the purchase of vaccines and medicines to prevent the spread of lumpy skin disease among cattle.
To check the spread of the disease, the state’s Department of Animal Husbandry issued an advisory to all 24 counties and asked them to send samples, if any cases of this lumpy skin disease were reported in their areas.
The Uttar Pradesh government recently banned livestock trade with four neighboring states and imposed a “lockdown” on the movement of animals within the state from 28 districts to prevent the spread of the disease.
The state’s Department of Animal Husbandry said the spread of the virus has slowed over the past two weeks after several measures including a massive vaccination campaign. According to reports, nearly 200 veterinary officers and 550 livestock inspectors have been involved in the treatment and vaccination efforts.
(with inputs from agencies)
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