2022 Total Lunar Eclipse: Everything you need to know about the blood moon. (representative image)
New Delhi: Skyjazers fans in North America can see the moon turn a reddish color on the night of May 15-16. Almost a year after the last total lunar eclipse, the sight of the moon slipping into the shadows of the earth and giving the sky back. Viewers in most of North America, all of Latin America, Western Europe, most of Africa, and the eastern Pacific will see the moon dim and acquire a reddish hue from the late evening of May 15 through the early hours of May 16.
The Moon plots a path through the southern hemisphere of the Earth’s shadow and is expected to last for eighty-five minutes. The middle eclipse will occur on May 16 (4:12 UTC), roughly a day and a half before the moon reaches perigee, the point in its orbit when it is closest to Earth. On the night of the eclipse, the moon will appear about 12 percent larger than it appears when it is at aphelion (farthest from Earth in its orbit).
In all likelihood, however, the most committed lunar watchers will notice this. The May 15-16 eclipse may be somewhat dark, but look for a bit of brightness along the moon’s southern tip. Viewers may have the chance to see summer glowing nicely through the Milky Way as the full moon’s overwhelming brightness is darkened by the Earth’s shadow.
The phases of eclipses occur simultaneously for everyone, but not everyone will see the complete eclipse. Weather permitting, observers in the eastern half of North America will witness the entire event starting in the evening of May 15, with the partial eclipse phase beginning about two hours after sunset for the East Coast and about an hour after sunset for the Midwest. On the West Coast, the moon will be about to enter its fullness when it rises at sunset. And in the northwest, the moon rises as the later stages of the eclipse have already begun.
Read also: The death of the President of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, at the age of 73
However, most Alaskans will have to sit outside. South America will see the entire show, starting in the evening of May 15, while viewers in Western Europe and Africa will have to set their alarms to enjoy the event in the pre-dawn hours of May 16. For observers in the British Isles, the moon sets completely immersed in the Earth’s dark inner shadow, while viewers in New Zealand capture the end of the event on the evening of May 16, as the moon rises as it emerges from the Earth’s shadow.
Mechanics of a Lunar Eclipse “A lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon form a near-complete ensemble in space, in what is known as syzygy,” says Diana Hanekainen, Observation Editor at Sky & Telescope. The Moon slides into the Earth’s shadow, gradually darkening until the entire lunar disk turns from a silver-gray color to a dark orange or frightening red. Then events unfold in reverse order until the moon returns to its full brilliance.
The entire process of the May 16 eclipse will take approximately five hours and 20 minutes. The event consists of five stages, each with different things to watch.
(1) The leading edge of the Moon enters the pale outer edge of the Earth’s shadow: the pale shadow. You probably won’t notice anything until the moon is about halfway through the penumbra. The penumbra is the area where the astronaut standing on the moon sees the Earth covering only part of the sun’s face.
Read also: UK sanctions: UK sanctions, ex-wife of Russian President Vladimir Putin, “girlfriend” of Alina Kabaeva
(2) The leading edge of the Moon enters the shadow, which is the cone of the Earth’s shadow in which the Sun completely disappears. You should notice a significant darkening at the leading edge of the lunar disk. Using the telescope, you can watch the edge of darkness slowly swallow up one lunar feature after another, as the entire sky begins to get darker.
(3) The trailing edge of the moon slips into the shadows at the beginning of the total eclipse. But the moon will not completely faint: some shade of orange or intense red is sure to glow.
why is that? Earth’s atmosphere scatters and reflects (reflects) sunlight moving its edges, turning some of it into the eclipsed moon. It’s the same effect as at sunset. If you are on the moon during a lunar eclipse, you will see the sun hidden by a dark earth illuminated by the reddish light of all sunrises and sunsets that beats the world at that moment.
The red parachute glow can be very different from one eclipse to the next. There are two main factors that affect its brightness and hue. The first is simply how deep the moon is in the shadows as it passes; The center of the shadow is darker than its edges. The other factor is the state of the Earth’s atmosphere. If a large volcanic eruption recently contaminated the stratosphere with a thin global haze, a lunar eclipse could be dark red, pale brown, or sometimes almost black.
In addition, blue light is refracted by the clear, ozone-rich upper atmosphere over the thick layers that produce the red colors of sunrise and sunset. Blue ozone light also colors this moon, especially near the edge of the shadow. You will need binoculars or a telescope to see this effect.
As the Moon continues to move along its orbit, events repeat in reverse order. The edge of the moon appears again in sunlight, the totality ends and the partial eclipse begins again. When the whole moon escapes from its darkness, only the last semi-shadow shadow remains. Subsequently, nothing unusual remained.
As the Moon moves further along its orbit, the events will play out in reverse order. The lunar ends again appear in the sun, ending with a total solar eclipse and beginning again with a partial solar eclipse. When the entire moon leaves the canopy, only the last shadow of darkness remains. After a while, nothing unusual remained.
Also Read: Delhi, Mumbai Will Be Five Degrees Warmer in 2080-99 Period: Greenpeace India