Lucknow: Green manure is proving to be a lifesaver for the earth. During the last two decades, farmers have become aware of the usefulness of green manure (Daicha, Sanai, Urad and Mung). Therefore, the demand for their seeds has also increased. Committed to promoting natural and organic farming, the Yogi government is also encouraging green manure to increase organic matter in the country. Of all these, the most useful structure is from the point of view of green manure. This is the reason that the government will provide 30,000 quintals of daincha seeds to the farmers of the state with 50 percent subsidy in the Kharif season.
It is worth mentioning that even last year such a grant was awarded only to Daiche’s seeds. Then the price per quintal was fixed at 54.65 paise. It is expected that this year the prices will be about the same as last year. Progressive farmers who were given this in connection with the demonstration were entitled to a 90 percent subsidy.
Water retention on land with fertility, aeration increases
According to Deputy Director of Agriculture Jayaprakash, crops like flax and daicha have bacteria in their roots that take nitrogen from the air and fix it in the soil. The next crop gets its benefit. According to him, organic matter is the soul of the soil. Green manure is the easiest and most efficient way to grow organically in the ground. The availability of organic matter in itself helps in increasing the productivity of all crops. Along with this, it also acts as a catalyst for chemical fertilizers and increases its efficiency. The appearance of weeds is also reduced in the next crop. Apart from fertility, there is an increase in water retention, aeration and beneficial bacteria in the respective soil. The physical structure of the land gradually changes with continuous crop rotation.
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Turn the crop after 6 to 8 weeks after sowing
IFFCO Chief Area Manager Dr. D.K. According to Singh, if Sanai, Daicha is sown for green manure, then crop rotation should be done before flowering about 6-8 weeks after sowing. After this plant in water in the field. For proper and quick decomposition of the crop, 5 kg of urea per acre can be sprayed after crop rotation and before irrigation. The remains of the culture decompose in about 3-4 weeks. After this the next crop is sown. Sunny is suitable for areas with high rainfall. 80-100 kg of seed are used in one hectare. Daicha can be sown in areas with low or high rainfall. 60-80 kg of seed are used per hectare of field.
Sowing time and green manure crops
If there is an irrigation facility, it can be sown anytime from April to June in an empty field. Sunflower, daicha, mung, urad etc. are effective alternatives to green manure. You can choose any of these as per availability and requirements. Of these, Daicha and Sanai are most suitable for green manure. Along with the green manure from sowing mung and urad, the concerned farmer also gets an additional crop of protein-rich pulses. But it is necessary that they have their own source of irrigation. 15-20 kg of seed per hectare is required.